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It is not surprising that bead-weaving on a loom should have become so popular. The process is simple but interesting, the outfit inexpensive, and the results great for the time expended. Chains, belts, and fobs — even card- cases and bags — may be woven, and the work is fascinating. The loom is, of course, to be considered first. There are many on the market, but be careful to choose one that is simple and strong.
Perhaps the most satisfactory of all are the homemade looms. More than one weaver has done good work on a loom made of a cigar -box. The sides are cut down to within an inch of the bottom and a small piece of wood, the depth of the box, is fastened inside each corner to support the end pieces. Small notches, an eighth of an inch apart, cut along the top of the ends, hold the warp threads. Six tacks are driven below the notches on the outside of the ends at equal distances apart. Upon these the ends of the warp threads are wound. A loom that has proved serviceable may be easily made as follows by anyone with a taste for carpentering. It has this advantage, one that few looms possess — it is wide enough to hold the threads for weaving card-cases or bags.
Bead-Loom Materials Required: · A piece of wood 3/ 8 of an inch thick, 12 inches long and 7 1/ 4 inches wide · A round stick 1/ 2 inch in diameter and 18 inches long · 2 strips of wood 1/ 8 of an inch thick, 1/ 2 an inch wide and 7 1/ 4 inches long · 2 pieces of wood 1/ 8 inch thick, 1/ 4 inch wide and 3 inches long · 6 smallest picture-hooks · 1 package 2 1/ 2 oz. round-headed gimp tacks ·· 8 3/ 8 x 4 screws · 4 3/ 4 x 9 screws · 2 small pointed nails 5/ 8 of an inch long · A thick piece of wire from a package-handle · 2 pieces of florist’s wire 12 inches long · 200 black seed beads No. 4-0 · A screwdriver · Hammer · Knife · Sandpaper
Choose a piece of white or bass wood three-eighths of an inch thick, twelve inches long and seven and one-quarter inches wide for this loom. Any other wood may be used, but the lighter the loom the better.
If the wood is rough, it should be sandpapered. From a round piece of wood one- half an inch in diameter and eighteen inches long cut one piece seven and one-quarter inches in length for a roller and four other pieces two and three-eighths inches for the posts. These are fastened to the base with the three-quarter-by-nine screws, two at either corner of one end and each of the others an inch and one-
half from the opposite end, close to the edge of the sides. Across these uprights the two seven-and-one-quarter inch strips are laid and fastened with four of the three-eighth- by-four screws. To prevent splitting, start the holes for the screws with a gimlet. Make a small hole at one-quarter of an inch from one end of each of the three-inch pieces, fasten the opposite ends of these strips to either side of the base (at the end where the posts come exactly at the corners) with three- eighth-by-four screws, the ends pointing diagonally upward, striking the posts three-quarters of an inch from the base.
In the centre of one end of the roller make a hole one-half an inch deep and around it six smaller holes three-eighths of an inch deep and one-sixteenth of an inch from the edge. In the centre of the opposite end of the roller drive a sharp-pointed nail five-eighths of an inch long, allowing it to project about one-sixteenth of an inch. On a straight line drawn lengthwise of the roller drive round-headed tacks about half an inch apart, projecting one-sixteenth of an inch beyond the roller.
A heavy piece of wire, about three and one-half inches long, taken from a package-handle, is bent into the shape of a crank. The end which is to go into the roller is about three-quarters of an inch long, the other two angles being equal. The end that goes into the roller is sharpened either by filing or it may be laid on a stone and hammered flat.
Continued in Part 2
Reference Used: White, Mary. How to Do Beadwork Complete with 100 Illustrations (Kindle Locations 279-281). . Kindle Edition. Copyright 1904 by Doubleday, Page and Company Published May 1904 (in public domain due to expiration of copyright)
republished by: Connie Limon 10-9-16