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The roller is now ready to be placed in position. Pushing the nail which projects from one end through the hole in the left diagonally placed strip (as you hold the loom with the end which has no strips toward you) , bring the hole in the other end of the roller against the hole in the opposite strip and drive the sharpened end of the crank through into the roller. To the right-hand diagonal strip a short piece of No. 60 linen thread is tied, and the other end is attached to a five- eighth-inch pointed nail. This is to be fit into any one of the small holes in the end of the roller to keep it from turning. One of the gimp tacks is driven into the outer side of each post about one-quarter of an inch from the top and projecting one-sixteenth of an inch. To one of these an end of a twelve-inch piece of florist’s wire is firmly attached.
One hundred black 4-0 beads are strung on it and it is laid along the bar, drawn up taut, and wound firmly around the tack at the opposite side. At the other end of the loom a similar piece of wire, threaded with the same number of beads, is stretched and firmly fastened. These beads hold the warp strands and are better for the purpose in many ways than wooden or metal notches. They hold the threads securely, yet do not cut or injure them; they space the strands better than the metal notches,are simple to adjust, inexpensive, and easily obtained. Let us start with a narrow chain, Fig. 3. The beads amber and black.
Four pieces of No. 60 white linen thread well waxed, a few inches more than the length chosen for the chain (seventy inches, for example— sixty-two when finished), are measured off. In this, as in all of the woven work, there must be one more warp thread than the number of beads, so that there will be a thread on each side of every bead.
The four ends, each tied in a loop, are slipped on to a tack in the roller, and the long ends are brought up across the beads on the bar over to the beads on the opposite bar and down to the hooks, where they are drawn taut and tied securely. The loom is held with the roller end away from the person weaving, the beads in tiny trays or box-covers near at hand.
Continue in Part 3
Reference Used: White, Mary. How to Do Beadwork Complete with 100 Illustrations . Kindle Edition. Copyright 1904 by Doubleday, Page and Company Published May 1904 (in public domain due to expiration of copyright)
republished by: Connie Limon, Bead Jewelry Artisan
Purchase Handmade Bead Jewelry at reasonable prices at https://www.etsy.com/shop/carmilitaearrings